Where there are fundamentally opposing interests, an increase in the power and freedom of one individual or group necessarily means a relative decrease in the power and freedom of the others.
The result was legislation such as the Pure Food and Drug Act ofand eventually the creation of regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration. Backing up his economic independence with his long-barrelled rifle, the typical American of had a great deal of social power.
Individuals, groups, and even government agencies that do not comply with policies can be penalized. There have been benevolent dictators, kings and popes who were accountable to their consciences and not to the people.
As the clock rolled over into Dec. Social power becomes really destructive of democracy only when it is both concentrated and irresponsible. Large segments of the public have diffused interests, seldom vote, may be rarely or poorly organized and difficult to mobilize, and are often lacking in resources or financial muscle.
Policy is often built in a series of small steps passed over time by different players, and eventually, a complex policy emerges. The official goals of an agency may appear to be thwarted or ignored altogether at the expense of the citizenry it is designed to serve.
The absence of restrictions, coercion, and other factors blocking self-determined realization of our desires. Not infrequently possessors of social power fail to realize what power they have e. Although under some of the best of them people may have been happier than under the flounderings of a popular democracy, such idyllic conditions seldom outlasted their reigns, if even that long.
The individual forms of power are important chiefly as the instruments of power strategy, manipulated by competitors for social power as generals manipulate soliders, supplies and weapons.
The social power possessed by any individual or group cannot be adequately evaluated by the mere sum of individual forms of power possessed - even where they can be added up.
Power which is national in effect must be responsible to all citizens; power which affects only a limited area or interest group should be answerable only to that particular area or interest group.
The system of civil law allows citizen groups to check both government and corporate power abuses. Frontier American society - based upon individual land ownership by economically independent and largely self-sufficient farmers - approached this ideal very closely.
Compare and contrast the roles and functions of political parties in selected countries. This was appropriate for the era in which the Constitution was written.
Jefferson feared the development of industry and great cities because he realized that they must inevitably lead to increasing concentration of social power, both economic and governmental. If there is concentrated, irresponsible power in some aspect of society, it will soon, like an insidious cancer, permeate the whole society.
To put it crudely, he could tell the whole outside world to "go to Hell" without fear of serious reprisals.The interaction of the people an their government, including citizens, interest groups, political parties, and the institutions of the government - concerned with who.
A short summary of 's Interest Groups. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Interest Groups.
the political power wielded by these groups sometimes dominates the political process at the expense of individuals and society as a whole.
For example, many Americans these days feel that politicians listen more to special. Rather, the Soviet Union collapsed because vast political power was entrusted to groups that had every reason to sabotage the efforts to resolve the country’s decades-long financial dilemmas.
party more amenable to the African American quest for political incor-poration, seeing it as the “party of freedom and progress” (Platt ).
an increased importance on the role of interest groups, and ideological con›ict within party competition. provide. 2 Party Politics and the Racial Divide.
Party Politics and the Racial. Social power usually occurs in big chunks, organized into systems or structures of power - family, community, religion, interest group, class, movement, political party, etc.
The individual forms of power are important chiefly as the instruments of power strategy, manipulated by competitors for social power as generals manipulate soliders. Political scientists should keep remembering that attention must be paid to the role of interest groups in the theory and practice of democracy in America.
Keywords: group theory, pluralism, multiple elitist theory, neopluralism, Robert Dahl, American politics, niche theory, internal democracy.Download